Wines from Jura
Jura is a small wine region of eastern France, characterized by a great variety of soils. In fact, vineyards of Jura are partly located in flat areas, partly in hills and partly in mountains, at the foot of which stretches another viticultural area known as Revermont (piedmont). Vineyards are all well exposed as exposure is fundamental for grapes to ripen well, as soils are a bit irregular. The most important grape varieties cultivated in Jura are five, two of which are white berried (Chardonnay and Savagnin) and three are black berried (Pinot noir, Poulsard and Trousseau). Chardonnay is currently the most cultivated grape in Jura, covering more than 50% of the total vineyard. Savagnin, an autochthonous grape similar to aromatic traminer, covers about 15% of the total vineyard of the region and it is the main grape used for the production of Vin Jaune. Poulsard is an autochthonous red berried grape which covers about 20% of the total surface and it is the second most common grape of the region. Wines from Poulsard have a pretty pale color, because this grape has a very thin skin and few polyphenols. Trousseau is another autochthonous grape, pretty rare, late and not very productive. Denominations in Jura are 7: Arbois, Chateau-Chalon, L'Étoile, Côtes du Jura, Macvin Du Jura, Crémant Du Jura, Marc Du Jura, however Jura is mainly famous for its Vin Jaune and Vin de Paille.