Bordeaux wines, or Bordeaux wines, are among the most famous French wines and known all over the world for their high quality and cost on the market, being some of these among the most expensive wines in the world.
In spite of the fact that the fil rouge of French wine production is the same in all its regions, based on the elevation of the intrinsic identity of the wine and the vineyard excluding as much as possible the activities of intervention both in the vineyard and in the cellar, the Bordeaux wines are classified differently and separately indicating on the label, instead of the village of origin, the name of the chateaux surrounding or forming part of the area where the vineyard is grown.
The chateaux of this French region are famous for this reason, as well as for the great historical and architectural importance that they represent as a testimony to the past.
The production of burgundy wines is mainly based on red burgundy wines even though white wines are historically present in the Bordeaux enological culture, however, most of the Bordeaux grape varieties cultivated in the territory, at the basis of the production of red wines, are much higher in terms of number and differ between Cabernet franc, Cabernet-Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec and Carmenere.
Basis of production of white wines, however, are mainly Sauvignon, Semillon and Muscadelle and, curious feature, although the red wines of Bordeaux are among the most recognized and sought after in the world among the most expensive bottles of wine in absolute we find a white wine of Bordeaux: the Chateaux d'Yquem 1811 purchased in 2010 for 117,000 $.
The most expensive and valuable Bordeaux wine, red, is now the Petrus, extremely famous among the major collectors in the world and oenological gem that few can count among their collectible wines.
The official ranking and the wines of Bordeaux dates back to 1855 and still in force and considered valid, although many consider it outdated and no longer adapted to represent the current situation of Bordeaux wines.
It was requested by Napoleon III at the Universal Exhibition of Paris in order to present to the whole world the best wines of Bordeaux and was drawn up by the negotiators who based the classification according to the reputation of Chateaux and their cost of production, at that time value directly proportional to quality.
Today this concept is the reason why the greatest experts in the field no longer consider the above mentioned classification of Bordeaux wines considerable, as the principle of quality cannot be adapted to the results obtained today, and in many cases reversed compared to the past, of the modern wineries of the region.
In spite of several attempts to update this classification of Bordeaux wines, no one Chateaux decided to adhere to it.