Wines from Piedmont: land of Italian wine excellence
The Piedmontese wines and their territory of production are perhaps one of the main jewels of the entire Italian wine culture, known throughout the world for the absolute excellence and quality of its products.
This wine region is often counted for the production of great Piedmontese red wines, despite the fact that even Piedmontese white wines and Piedmontese sparkling wines are absolutely worthy of note and still contribute to identifying Piedmont as one of the most important wine regions of the peninsula.
Piedmont is first and foremost the land of Nebbiolo, the mother of the great Barolo and Barbaresco, the cradle of important wine-growing areas such as Langhe and Roero, Astigiano and Monferrato, as well as all the areas of northern Piedmont, including the Valle d'Aosta with its wine-growing areas known as "Eroiche" for the harshness of their slopes and the conditions of the terroir and climate to which the crops are subject.
In spite of the fact that the whole of Italy is famous for its viticulture, Piedmontese wines enjoy a separate fame and a certain exception compared to the rest of the peninsula: most Piedmontese wines derive from the vinification of only one type of grape and, Piedmontese wines produced by blends represent a productive minority.
The Piedmontese wines are regulated by the denomination in force on the Italian territory to protect their quality and are distinguished by:
- IGT: Typical Geographical Indication
- DOC: Denominazione di Origine Controllata
- DOCG: Denominazione di Origine Controllata Garantita (Denomination of Controlled Origin Guaranteed), which represents the highest level of quality and provides, on the label, the indication of the vineyard, the place of production or sub-area
One of the most famous Piedmontese DOCG wines is Barolo, a red Piedmontese wine with a particularly structured Nebbiolo base, which is particularly suitable for ageing and long term storage in the cellar.
Barolo is one of the most famous Piedmontese wines in Italy, characterized by an intense ruby red colour according to the years of ageing and by a marked tannicity that requires at least 5 years before it can be softened and rounded.
Hence two production philosophies: the winemakers more committed to a production in respect of the ancient tradition that sees the Piedmontese wine Barolo aggressive, robust, very structured and full, and a vein that interprets instead the Barolo through a more modern vision characterizing it with softer, smoother, smoother, round and pleasant flavors, through a fermentation in barrique rather than in large cask with a reduction in the time of maceration and fermentation.
The most important crus of Barolo and their production areas are absolutely worth noting: Cannubi, Sarmazza and Brunate in Barolo; Rocche, Cerequio and Brunate in La Morra (Brunate is shared by the towns of Barolo and La Morra); Rocche, Villero and Monprivato in Castiglione Falletto; Lazzarito and Vigna Rionda in Serralunga d'Alba; Bussia, Ginestra and Santo Stefano di Perno in Monforte d'Alba.
Barbaresco has always been considered the younger brother of Barolo, despite the fact that it is still nestled among the pearls of great Piedmontese wines.
This red Piedmontese wine is also based on Nebbiolo, hence the "dfratellanza" with Barolo, while reserving greater elegance and refinement refined by a more placid terroir that characterizes the production area between the villages of Neive and Treiso.
Among the most famous crus of this grander Piedmontese red wine are Asili, Montefico, Montestefano and Rabajà in Barbaresco; Albesani and Gallina in Neive; Pajorè in Treiso.