There is only one winegrowing area in the world where with only two vines (Chardonnay and Pinot Nero) gives life to such different wines, to a quality so high as to leave even the most demanding tasters amazed. This area is Burgundy, a patch of land in France located 230 km from Paris.
In fact it is an area difficult to understand and decipher, already just looking at the map you realize how jagged this area and then how much history you breathe in its streets, history of over 2000 years since the Roman era.
Burgundy is one of the areas of wine production in the world, one that is remembered for the class and elegance of its wines, is the land of passion, the small producer of rare and precious wines.
The quality of Côte-d'Or wines is the result of history, tradition, respect for the territory, extremely strict rules, extremely strict production constraints, but above all the competence of some producers, perhaps many, certainly not all.
In Burgundy we often drink memorable wines, but sometimes you can drink very bad, you need to know. Of course when you drink the right ones, the wines are really great, often they are soils full of stones that give us turgid wines, theses, minerals, even beyond our expectations.
The grapes mainly grown in Burgundy are Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, to these are added the Aligoté, a white grape mainly used in the Mâconnais for widely consumed wines and sometimes present in Crémant de Bourgogne sparkling wines, and Gamay, the famous red grapes used to make Beaujolais wines.
Burgundy is among the most complex and exciting wine regions in the world where the seasonal climate is only one of the many factors that regulate the production of its sumptuous wines.
The most important area is that of the Côte-d'Or, divided in turn into the Côte de Beaune (mainly suited for the great whites) and in Cote de Nuits (mainly suited for the big reds).
Further south is also part of the Burgundy area of Macon and Chalon that give life to the Cote Mâconnais (the most important are the white wines based chardonnay) and Chalonnaise (where are produced pinot noir, chardonnay, aligoté and gamay).
To the north it is very important the area of Chablis, which gives rise to wines with a more acidic chardonnay base and a marked minerality. Also part of the so-called great Burgundy is the whole area of the Beaujolais, land of the Morgon based gamay.
Burgundy is dotted with domaine that should not be confused with famous Château of Bordeaux.
If the enology of Burgundy has become great today thanks to the concept of the diversity of the various places, the merit must certainly be acknowledged to the meticulous and precious work of the Benedictine and Cistercian monks carried out in the Middle Ages. The monks studied the characteristics of the wines produced in the various vineyards and in the various places establishing the boundaries of what are still today considered the typical climat of Burgundy, small vineyards whose characteristics are strongly influenced by local micro climatic conditions and soil.